Category: Conic sections

Director circle
In geometry, the director circle of an ellipse or hyperbola (also called the orthoptic circle or Fermat–Apollonius circle) is a circle consisting of all points where two perpendicular tangent lines to
Spherical conic
In mathematics, a spherical conic or sphero-conic is a curve on the sphere, the intersection of the sphere with a concentric elliptic cone. It is the spherical analog of a conic section (ellipse, para
Poncelet's closure theorem
In geometry, Poncelet's closure theorem, also known as Poncelet's porism, states that whenever a polygon is inscribed in one conic section and circumscribes another one, the polygon must be part of an
Parabola of safety
In classical mechanics and ballistics, the parabola of safety or safety parabola is the envelope of the parabolic trajectories of projectiles shot from a certain point with a given speed at different
Equidistant set
In mathematics, an equidistant set (also called a midset, or a bisector) is a set each of whose elements has the same distance (measured using some appropriate distance function) from two or more sets
Dandelin spheres
In geometry, the Dandelin spheres are one or two spheres that are tangent both to a plane and to a cone that intersects the plane. The intersection of the cone and the plane is a conic section, and th
In triangle geometry, an inellipse is an ellipse that touches the three sides of a triangle. The simplest example is the incircle. Further important inellipses are the Steiner inellipse, which touches
Degenerate conic
In geometry, a degenerate conic is a conic (a second-degree plane curve, defined by a polynomial equation of degree two) that fails to be an irreducible curve. This means that the defining equation is
In mathematics, an ellipse is a plane curve surrounding two focal points, such that for all points on the curve, the sum of the two distances to the focal points is a constant. It generalizes a circle
Steiner ellipse
In geometry, the Steiner ellipse of a triangle, also called the Steiner circumellipse to distinguish it from the Steiner inellipse, is the unique circumellipse (ellipse that touches the triangle at it
Droz-Farny line theorem
In Euclidean geometry, the Droz-Farny line theorem is a property of two perpendicular lines through the orthocenter of an arbitrary triangle. Let be a triangle with vertices , , and , and let be its o
Lambert's problem
In celestial mechanics, Lambert's problem is concerned with the determination of an orbit from two position vectors and the time of flight, posed in the 18th century by Johann Heinrich Lambert and for
Circular section
In geometry, a circular section is a circle on a quadric surface (such as an ellipsoid or hyperboloid). It is a special plane section of the quadric, as this circle is the intersection with the quadri
Braikenridge–Maclaurin theorem
In geometry, the Braikenridge–Maclaurin theorem, named for 18th century British mathematicians William Braikenridge and Colin Maclaurin, is the converse to Pascal's theorem. It states that if the thre
Eleven-point conic
In geometry, an eleven-point conic is a conic associated to four points and a line, containing 11 special points.
Five points determine a conic
In Euclidean and projective geometry, just as two (distinct) points determine a line (a degree-1 plane curve), five points determine a conic (a degree-2 plane curve). There are additional subtleties f
Semi-major and semi-minor axes
In geometry, the major axis of an ellipse is its longest diameter: a line segment that runs through the center and both foci, with ends at the two most widely separated points of the perimeter. The se
Steiner conic
The Steiner conic or more precisely Steiner's generation of a conic, named after the Swiss mathematician Jakob Steiner, is an alternative method to define a non-degenerate projective conic section in
Midpoint theorem (conics)
In geometry, the midpoint theorem describes a property of parallel chords in a conic. It states that the midpoints of parallel chords in a conic are located on a common line. The common line (segment)
Generalized conic
In mathematics, a generalized conic is a geometrical object defined by a property which is a generalization of sums defining property of the classical conic. For example, in elementary geometry, an el
Von Staudt conic
In projective geometry, a von Staudt conic is the point set defined by all the absolute points of a polarity that has absolute points. In the real projective plane a von Staudt conic is a conic sectio
In mathematics, a parabola is a plane curve which is mirror-symmetrical and is approximately U-shaped. It fits several superficially different mathematical descriptions, which can all be proved to def
Conjugate diameters
In geometry, two diameters of a conic section are said to be conjugate if each chord parallel to one diameter is bisected by the other diameter. For example, two diameters of a circle are conjugate if
Angular eccentricity
Angular eccentricity is one of many parameters which arise in the study of the ellipse or ellipsoid. It is denoted here by α (alpha). It may be defined in terms of the eccentricity, e, or the aspect r
In mathematics, the discriminant of a polynomial is a quantity that depends on the coefficients and allows deducing some properties of the roots without computing them. More precisely, it is a polynom
Pascal's theorem
In projective geometry, Pascal's theorem (also known as the hexagrammum mysticum theorem) states that if six arbitrary points are chosen on a conic (which may be an ellipse, parabola or hyperbola in a
Circumconic and inconic
In triangle geometry, a circumconic is a conic section that passes through the three vertices of a triangle, and an inconic is a conic section inscribed in the sides, possibly extended, of a triangle.
Conic constant
In geometry, the conic constant (or Schwarzschild constant, after Karl Schwarzschild) is a quantity describing conic sections, and is represented by the letter K. The constant is given by where e is t
Steiner inellipse
In geometry, the Steiner inellipse, midpoint inellipse, or midpoint ellipse of a triangle is the unique ellipse inscribed in the triangle and tangent to the sides at their midpoints. It is an example
In geometry, the n-ellipse is a generalization of the ellipse allowing more than two foci. n-ellipses go by numerous other names, including multifocal ellipse, polyellipse, egglipse, k-ellipse, and Ts
Distance of closest approach
The distance of closest approach of two objects is the distance between their centers when they are externally tangent. The objects may be geometric shapes or physical particles with well-defined boun
Tangent half-angle formula
In trigonometry, tangent half-angle formulas relate the tangent of half of an angle to trigonometric functions of the entire angle. The tangent of half an angle is the stereographic projection of the
Qvist's theorem
In projective geometry, Qvist's theorem, named after the Finnish mathematician , is a statement on ovals in finite projective planes. Standard examples of ovals are non-degenerate (projective) conic s
Segre's theorem
In projective geometry, Segre's theorem, named after the Italian mathematician Beniamino Segre, is the statement: * Any oval in a finite pappian projective plane of odd order is a nondegenerate proje
Matrix representation of conic sections
In mathematics, the matrix representation of conic sections permits the tools of linear algebra to be used in the study of conic sections. It provides easy ways to calculate a conic section's axis, ve
Focus (geometry)
In geometry, focuses or foci (/ˈfoʊkaɪ/), singular focus, are special points with reference to which any of a variety of curves is constructed. For example, one or two foci can be used in defining con
Confocal conic sections
In geometry, two conic sections are called confocal, if they have the same foci. Because ellipses and hyperbolas possess two foci, there are confocal ellipses, confocal hyperbolas and confocal mixture
In mathematics, a hyperbola (/haɪˈpɜːrbələ/; pl. hyperbolas or hyperbolae /-liː/; adj. hyperbolic /ˌhaɪpərˈbɒlɪk/) is a type of smooth curve lying in a plane, defined by its geometric properties or by
Eccentricity (mathematics)
In mathematics, the eccentricity of a conic section is a non-negative real number that uniquely characterizes its shape. More formally two conic sections are similar if and only if they have the same
Brianchon's theorem
In geometry, Brianchon's theorem is a theorem stating that when a hexagon is circumscribed around a conic section, its principal diagonals (those connecting opposite vertices) meet in a single point.
Trammel of Archimedes
A trammel of Archimedes is a mechanism that generates the shape of an ellipse. It consists of two shuttles which are confined ("trammeled") to perpendicular channels or rails and a rod which is attach
Universal parabolic constant
The universal parabolic constant is a mathematical constant. It is defined as the ratio, for any parabola, of the arc length of the parabolic segment formed by the latus rectum to the focal parameter.
Conic section
In mathematics, a conic section, quadratic curve or conic is a curve obtained as the intersection of the surface of a cone with a plane. The three types of conic section are the hyperbola, the parabol
Focal conics
In geometry, focal conics are a pair of curves consisting of either * an ellipse and a hyperbola, where the hyperbola is contained in a plane, which is orthogonal to the plane containing the ellipse.
A circle is a shape consisting of all points in a plane that are at a given distance from a given point, the centre. Equivalently, it is the curve traced out by a point that moves in a plane so that i
Unit hyperbola
In geometry, the unit hyperbola is the set of points (x,y) in the Cartesian plane that satisfy the implicit equation In the study of indefinite orthogonal groups, the unit hyperbola forms the basis fo
Linear system of conics
In algebraic geometry, the conic sections in the projective plane form a linear system of dimension five, as one sees by counting the constants in the degree two equations. The condition to pass throu
Marden's theorem
In mathematics, Marden's theorem, named after Morris Marden but proved about 100 years earlier by Jörg Siebeck, gives a geometric relationship between the zeroes of a third-degree polynomial with comp