Category: Transaction processing

Error account
An error account is a type of account used for storing compensation for errors in trading, a transaction that is not posted in a timely manner because of inconsistencies, such as an incorrect account
Transaction Processing Facility
Transaction Processing Facility (TPF) is an IBM real-time operating system for mainframe computers descended from the IBM System/360 family, including zSeries and System z9. TPF delivers fast, high-vo
Transaction processing
Transaction processing is information processing in computer science that is divided into individual, indivisible operations called transactions. Each transaction must succeed or fail as a complete un
Teleprocessing monitor
A teleprocessing monitor (also, Transaction Processing Monitor or TP Monitor) is a control program that monitors the transfer of data between multiple local and remote terminals to ensure that the tra
Transactional memory
In computer science and engineering, transactional memory attempts to simplify concurrent programming by allowing a group of load and store instructions to execute in an atomic way. It is a concurrenc
Big memory
Big memory computers are machines with a large amount of random-access memory (RAM). The computers are required for databases, graph analytics, or more generally, high-performance computing, data scie
Multi-model database
In the field of database design, a multi-model database is a database management system designed to support multiple data models against a single, integrated backend. In contrast, most database manage
Three-phase commit protocol
In computer networking and databases, the three-phase commit protocol (3PC) is a distributed algorithm which lets all nodes in a distributed system agree to commit a transaction. It is a more failure-
Temporal database
A temporal database stores data relating to time instances. It offers temporal data types and stores information relating to past, present and future time.Temporal databases could be uni-temporal, bi-
Intent log
An intent log is a mechanism used to make computer operations more resilient in the event of failures. They are used in database software, transaction managers, and some file systems. In database area
Locks with ordered sharing
In databases and transaction processing the term Locks with ordered sharing comprises several variants of the Two phase locking (2PL) concurrency control protocol generated by changing the blocking se
Transaction log
In the field of databases in computer science, a transaction log (also transaction journal, database log, binary log or audit trail) is a history of actions executed by a database management system us
Encina (software)
Encina was a DCE-based transaction processing system developed by Transarc, who were later acquired by IBM. It was used as the basis of IBM TXSeries, which is a variant of CICS for non-mainframe platf
In-database processing
In-database processing, sometimes referred to as in-database analytics, refers to the integration of data analytics into data warehousing functionality. Today, many large databases, such as those used
Distributed transaction
A distributed transaction is a database transaction in which two or more network hosts are involved. Usually, hosts provide transactional resources, while the transaction manager is responsible for cr
Ordered Key-Value Store
An Ordered Key-Value Store (OKVS) is a type of data storage paradigm that can support multi-model database. An OKVS is an ordered mapping of bytes to bytes. It is a more powerful paradigm than Key-Val
Thomas write rule
In computer science, particularly the field of databases, the Thomas write rule is a rule in timestamp-based concurrency control. It can be summarized as ignore outdated writes. It states that, if a m
Compensating transaction
The execution of a business process consists of one or more transactions. Each transaction may consist of several individual operations yet, as a whole, it moves the system between consistent states.
Tandem Computers
Tandem Computers, Inc. was the dominant manufacturer of fault-tolerant computer systems for ATM networks, banks, stock exchanges, telephone switching centers, and other similar commercial transaction
X/Open XA
For transaction processing in computing, the X/Open XA standard (short for "eXtended Architecture") is a specification released in 1991 by X/Open (which later merged with The Open Group) for distribut
Durability (database systems)
In database systems, durability is the ACID property which guarantees that transactions that have committed will survive permanently. For example, if a flight booking reports that a seat has successfu
Change vector
In an Oracle database, a change vector consists of a single change to a single . A change vector is the smallest unit of change recorded in a redo log (in its turn, a redo log comprises files in a pro
Westi (Westinghouse Teleprocessing Interface System) was one of two early local teleprocessing packages for IBM's DOS/VSE environment. Westi stood for Westinghouse Terminal Interactive. Westi provided
Optimistic concurrency control
Optimistic concurrency control (OCC), also known as optimistic locking, is a concurrency control method applied to transactional systems such as relational database management systems and software tra
Modular concurrency control
No description available.
Quorum (distributed computing)
A quorum is the minimum number of votes that a distributed transaction has to obtain in order to be allowed to perform an operation in a distributed system. A quorum-based technique is implemented to
Timestamp-based concurrency control
In computer science, a timestamp-based concurrency control algorithm is a non-lock concurrency control method. It is used in some databases to safely handle transactions, using timestamps.
Transactional NTFS
Transactional NTFS (abbreviated TxF) is a component introduced in Windows Vista and present in later versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that brings the concept of atomic transactions t
A COMMIT statement in SQL ends a transaction within a relational database management system (RDBMS) and makes all changes visible to other users. The general format is to issue a Atomicity (programming)
No description available.
SafePeak Technologies is a software company founded in 2007 in Israel. It markets products for big data related to relational database management systems.
Straight-through processing
Straight-through processing (STP) is a method used by financial companies to speed up financial transactions by processing without manual intervention (straight-through). It was developed for equities
Distributed concurrency control
Distributed concurrency control is the concurrency control of a system distributed over a computer network . In database systems and transaction processing (transaction management) distributed concurr
Uninterruptibility (programming)
No description available.
Commitment ordering
Commitment ordering (CO) is a class of interoperable serializability techniques in concurrency control of databases, transaction processing, and related applications. It allows optimistic (non-blockin
Read–write conflict
In computer science, in the field of databases, read–write conflict, also known as unrepeatable reads, is a computational anomaly associated with interleaved execution of transactions. Given a schedul
Memory semantics (computing)
In computing and parallel processing, memory semantics refers to the process logic used to control access to shared memory locations, or at a higher level to shared variables in the presence of multip
Long-running transaction
Long-running transactions (also known as the saga interaction pattern) are computer database transactions that avoid locks on non-local resources, use compensation to handle failures, potentially aggr
Cambridge Analytica
Cambridge Analytica Ltd (CA), previously known as SCL USA, was a British political consulting firm that came to prominence through the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal. It was started in 2013
Concurrency control
In information technology and computer science, especially in the fields of computer programming, operating systems, multiprocessors, and databases, concurrency control ensures that correct results fo
HP Reliable Transaction Router (RTR) is a transactional middleware for computer software, marketed by Hewlett Packard. RTR is used to integrate with applications that require reliable transaction serv
WS-Transaction - a Web Services specification developed by BEA Systems, IBM, and Microsoft. The WS-Transaction specification describes coordination types that are used with the extensible coordination
Modular serializability
No description available.
Transaction data
Transaction data, or transaction information, constitute a category of data describing transactions. Transaction data/information gather variables generally referring to reference data or master data
Write–write conflict
In computer science, in the field of databases, write–write conflict, also known as overwriting uncommitted data is a computational anomaly associated with interleaved execution of transactions. Given
Two-phase locking
In databases and transaction processing, two-phase locking (2PL) is a concurrency control method that guarantees serializability.It is also the name of the resulting set of database transaction schedu
Big data
Big data refers to data sets that are too large or complex to be dealt with by traditional data-processing application software. Data with many fields (rows) offer greater statistical power, while dat
Consistency model
In computer science, a consistency model specifies a contract between the programmer and a system, wherein the system guarantees that if the programmer follows the rules for operations on memory, memo
Pseudoconversational transaction
In transaction processing, a pseudoconversational transaction is a type of transaction that emulates a true conversation in an interactive session. To the end user, it appears as though the program ha
Commit (data management)
In computer science and data management, a commit is the making of a set of tentative changes permanent, marking the end of a transaction and providing Durability to ACID transactions. A commit is an
Civis Analytics
Civis Analytics is a US data science software and consultancy company founded by Dan Wagner in 2013, with backing by Eric Schmidt. Wagner had served as the Chief Analytics Officer for Barack Obama's 2
Data integrity
Data integrity is the maintenance of, and the assurance of, data accuracy and consistency over its entire life-cycle and is a critical aspect to the design, implementation, and usage of any system tha
Database transaction
A database transaction symbolizes a unit of work, performed within a database management system (or similar system) against a database, that is treated in a coherent and reliable way independent of ot
In concurrency control of databases, transaction processing (transaction management), and various transactional applications (e.g., transactional memory and software transactional memory), both centra
Global serializability
In concurrency control of databases, transaction processing (transaction management), and other transactional distributed applications, global serializability (or modular serializability) is a propert
In computing, Hazelcast IMDG is an open source in-memory data grid based on Java. It is also the name of the company developing the product. The Hazelcast company is funded by venture capital and head
Index locking
In databases an index is a data structure, part of the database, used by a database system to efficiently navigate access to user data. Index data are system data distinct from user data, and consist
Atomicity (database systems)
In database systems, atomicity (/ˌætəˈmɪsəti/; from Ancient Greek: ἄτομος, romanized: átomos, lit. 'undividable') is one of the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) transaction propert
Rollback (data management)
In database technologies, a rollback is an operation which returns the database to some previous state. Rollbacks are important for database integrity, because they mean that the database can be resto
Multiversion concurrency control
Multiversion concurrency control (MCC or MVCC), is a concurrency control method commonly used by database management systems to provide concurrent access to the database and in programming languages t
Data recovery
In computing, data recovery is a process of retrieving deleted, inaccessible, lost, corrupted, damaged, or formatted data from secondary storage, removable media or files, when the data stored in them
Snapshot isolation
In databases, and transaction processing (transaction management), snapshot isolation is a guarantee that all reads made in a transaction will see a consistent snapshot of the database (in practice it
MTCS (Minimum Teleprocessing Communications System) was a transaction processor that ran on IBM mainframe systems under OS/VS1 and DOS/VS. MTCS was available from IBM and designed for rapid, low to me
Online transaction processing
In online transaction processing (OLTP), information systems typically facilitate and manage transaction-oriented applications. This is contrasted with online analytical processing. The term "transact
Purchase-to-pay, often abbreviated to P2P and also called req to check/cheque, refers to the business processes that cover activities of requesting (requisitioning), purchasing, receiving, paying for
Advanced Synchronization Facility
Advanced Synchronization Facility (ASF) is a proposed extension to the x86-64 instruction set architecture that adds hardware transactional memory support. It was introduced by AMD; the latest specifi
Blind write
In computing, a blind write occurs when a transaction writes a value without reading it. Any view serializable schedule that is not conflict serializable must contain a blind write. In particular, a w
Oracle Coherence
In computing, Oracle Coherence (originally Tangosol Coherence) is a Java-based distributed cache and in-memory data grid. It is claimed to be "intended for systems that require high availability, high
FASTER (software)
FASTER (First Automated Teleprocessing Environment Reponder) was a transaction processor that ran on IBM mainframe systems under OS/MFT. FASTER was available from IBM and designed for rapid, low to me
Redo log
In the Oracle RDBMS environment, redo logs comprise files in a proprietary format which log a history of all changes made to the database. Each redo log file consists of redo records. A redo record, a
In computer science, ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, durability) is a set of properties of database transactions intended to guarantee data validity despite errors, power failures, and other
Tuxedo (software)
Tuxedo (Transactions for Unix, Extended for Distributed Operations) is a middleware platform used to manage distributed transaction processing in distributed computing environments. Tuxedo is a transa
Data preservation
Data preservation is the act of conserving and maintaining both the safety and integrity of data. Preservation is done through formal activities that are governed by policies, regulations and strategi
Software transactional memory
In computer science, software transactional memory (STM) is a concurrency control mechanism analogous to database transactions for controlling access to shared memory in concurrent computing. It is an
Atomic commit
In the field of computer science, an atomic commit is an operation that applies a set of distinct changes as a single operation. If the changes are applied, then the atomic commit is said to have succ
Non-lock concurrency control
In Computer Science, in the field of databases, non-lock concurrency control is a concurrency control method used in relational databases without using locking. There are several non-lock concurrency
In concurrent programming, an operation (or set of operations) is linearizable if it consists of an ordered list of invocation and response events (event), that may be extended by adding response even
Timestamping (computing)
In computing timestamping refers to the use of an electronic timestamp to provide a temporal order among a set of events. Timestamping techniques are used in a variety of computing fields, from networ
Microsoft Transaction Server
Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) was software that provided services to Component Object Model (COM) software components, to make it easier to create large distributed applications. The major servic
Nested transaction
A nested transaction is a database transaction that is started by an instruction within the scope of an already started transaction. Nested transactions are implemented differently in different databa
A savepoint is a way of implementing subtransactions (also known as nested transactions) within a relational database management system by indicating a point within a transaction that can be "rolled b
Customer integrated system
A Customer integrated system (CIS) is an extension or hybrid of the transaction processing system (TPS) that places technology in the hands of the customer and allows them to process their own transac
Write–read conflict
In computer science, in the field of databases, write–read conflict, also known as reading uncommitted data, is a computational anomaly associated with interleaved execution of transactions. Given a s
Application Control Management System
Application Control Management System (Application Control and Management System) (ACMS) is a transaction processing monitor software system for computers running the OpenVMS operating system. ACMS wa
Transaction time
In temporal databases, transaction time (TT) is the time during which a fact stored in the database is considered to be true. As of December 2011, ISO/IEC 9075, Database Language SQL:2011 Part 2: SQL/
Transactional Synchronization Extensions
Transactional Synchronization Extensions (TSX), also called Transactional Synchronization Extensions New Instructions (TSX-NI), is an extension to the x86 instruction set architecture (ISA) that adds
The Groundwork
The Groundwork was a privately held technology firm, run by Michael Slaby, that was formed in June 2014. Campaign finance disclosures revealed that Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign was a client
Record locking
Record locking is the technique of preventing simultaneous access to data in a database, to prevent inconsistent results. The classic example is demonstrated by two bank clerks attempting to update th
DUCS (software)
DUCS (Display Unit Control System) was a teleprocessing monitor from CFS Inc. It was one of two early local teleprocessing packages for IBM's DOS/VSE environment. DUCS provided an interface and access
Transaction Workflow Innovation Standards Team
Transaction Workflow Innovation Standards Team (Twist) is a not-for-profit industry standards group. It does not charge anything for involvement. The main goal of Twist is to create non-proprietary XM
Same-day affirmation
In securities trading, same-day affirmation (SDA) also known as T0 refers to completing the entire trade verification process on the same day that the actual trade took place, and was invented in the
Isolation (database systems)
In database systems, isolation determines how transaction integrity is visible to other users and systems. A lower isolation level increases the ability of many users to access the same data at the sa
In computing, CloudTran, a transaction management product, enables applications running in distributed computing and cloud computing architectures to embed logical business transactions that adhere to
FoundationDB is a free and open-source multi-model distributed NoSQL database developed by Apple Inc. with a shared-nothing architecture. The product was designed around a "core" database, with additi
Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator
The Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) service is a component of modern versions of Microsoft Windows that is responsible for coordinating transactions that span multiple resource m
Schedule (computer science)
In the fields of databases and transaction processing (transaction management), a schedule (or history) of a system is an abstract model to describe execution of transactions running in the system. Of
Long-lived transaction
A long-lived transaction is a transaction that spans multiple database transactions. The transaction is considered "long-lived" because its boundaries must, by necessity of business logic, extend past
Kernel Transaction Manager
Kernel Transaction Manager (KTM) is a component of the Windows operating system kernel in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 that enables applications to use atomic transactions on resources by mak
Strong strict two-phase locking
No description available.
IBM CICS (Customer Information Control System) is a family of mixed-language application servers that provide online transaction management and connectivity for applications on IBM mainframe systems u
Transactions per second
In a very generic sense, the term transactions per second (TPS) refers to the number of atomic actions performed by certain entity per second. In a more restricted view, the term is usually used by DB
IBM TXSeries
IBM TXSeries for Multiplatforms is a distributed CICS (Customer Information Control System) online transaction processing (OLTP) environment for mixed language applications. TXSeries was introduced by
Indivisibility (programming)
No description available.
Transaction processing system
Transaction processing is a way of computing that divides work into individual, indivisible operations, called transactions. A transaction processing system (TPS) is a software system, or software/har
Consistency (database systems)
In database systems, consistency (or correctness) refers to the requirement that any given database transaction must change affected data only in allowed ways. Any data written to the database must be
TATP Benchmark
In transaction processing, the Telecommunication Application Transaction Processing Benchmark (TATP) is a benchmark designed to measure the performance of in-memory database transaction systems.
Two-phase commit protocol
In transaction processing, databases, and computer networking, the two-phase commit protocol (2PC) is a type of atomic commitment protocol (ACP). It is a distributed algorithm that coordinates all the