Category: Pythagoreans

Aristoxenus of Tarentum (Greek: Ἀριστόξενος ὁ Ταραντῖνος; born c. 375, fl. 335 BC) was a Greek Peripatetic philosopher, and a pupil of Aristotle. Most of his writings, which dealt with philosophy, eth
Oresas was a Pythagorean, according to Sir William Smith, (1870). Smith (1870) noted (p. 40): ORESAS, a Pythagorean. A fragment of his writings is preserved in Stobaeus, Eclog. p. 105. ( Fabric. Bibl.
Areius or Areius Didymus or Arius (Ancient Greek: Ἄρειος) was an Alexandrian philosopher of the Pythagorean or Stoic schools who lived in the 1st century BCE. He was the "personal philosopher" of the
Phintys was a Pythagorean philosopher, probably from the third century BC. She wrote a work on the correct behaviour of women, two extracts of which are preserved by Stobaeus. According to Stobaeus, P
Archytas (/ˈɑːrkɪtəs/; Greek: Ἀρχύτας; 435/410–360/350 BC) was an Ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician, music theorist, astronomer, statesman, and strategist. He was a scientist of the Pythagorean
Abrotelia (Ancient Greek: Αβροτέλεια) (fl. 5th century BC) was a female Pythagorean philosopher. She was one of seventeen women included in (De Vita Pythagorica), written by Iamblichus. Abrotelia's fa
Damo (philosopher)
Damo (/ˈdeɪmoʊ/; Greek: Δαμώ; fl. c. 500 BC) was a Pythagorean philosopher said by many to have been the daughter of Pythagoras and Theano.
Aresas (Ancient Greek: Ἀρέσας) of Lucania, and probably of Crotone, was the head of the Pythagorean school, and the sixth head of the school in succession from Pythagoras himself. Diodorus of Aspendus
Metrodorus of Cos
Metrodorus of Cos (Greek: Μητρόδωρος τῆς Κῶ; fl. c. 460 BC) was the son of Epicharmus. Like several of his family he addicted himself partly to the study of Pythagorean philosophy, partly to the scien
Pythagoras of Samos (Ancient Greek: Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος, romanized: Pythagóras ho Sámios, lit. 'Pythagoras the Samian', or simply Πυθαγόρας; Πυθαγόρης in Ionian Greek; c. 570 – c. 495 BC) was an ancien
Xenophilus (Greek: Ξενόφιλος; 4th century BC), of Chalcidice, was a Pythagorean philosopher and musician who lived in the first half of the 4th century BC. Aulus Gellius relates that Xenophilus was th
Diodorus of Aspendus
Diodorus of Aspendus (Greek: Διόδωρος ὁ Ἀσπένδιος) was a Pythagorean philosopher, who lived in the 4th century BC, and was an acquaintance of Stratonicus the musician. He was the student or companion
Democrates (/dɪˈmɒkrəˌtiːz/; Ancient Greek: Δημοκράτης) was a Pythagorean philosopher about whom little is known. It is said that he was the founder of the basic concepts of the modern era of democrac
Cebes of Thebes (Greek: Κέβης Θηβαῖος, gen.: Κέβητος; c. 430 – 350 BCE) was an Ancient Greek philosopher from Thebes remembered as a disciple of Socrates. One work, known as the Pinax (Πίναξ) or Tabul
Nicomachus of Gerasa (Greek: Νικόμαχος; c. 60 – c. 120 AD) was an important ancient mathematician and music theorist, best known for his works Introduction to Arithmetic and in Greek. He was born in G
Lyco of Iasos
Lyco (or Lycon, Greek: Λύκων, but also called Lycus; 4th century BCE) of Iasos, in Caria, was a Pythagorean philosopher. He wrote a polemical attack on Aristotle's lavish lifestyle, and so probably li
Simmias of Thebes
Simmias of Thebes (Greek: Σιμμίας Θηβαῖος; fl. 5th–4th century BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, disciple of Socrates, and a friend of Cebes. In his Memorabilia, Xenophon includes him in the inner
Theon of Smyrna
Theon of Smyrna (Greek: Θέων ὁ Σμυρναῖος Theon ho Smyrnaios, gen. Θέωνος Theonos; fl. 100 CE) was a Greek philosopher and mathematician, whose works were strongly influenced by the Pythagorean school
Melissa (philosopher)
Melissa (3rd century BC) was a Pythagorean philosopher. Her name derives from the Greek word melli meaning honey. Nothing is known about her life. She is known only from a letter written to another wo
Themistoclea (/ˌθɛmɪstəˈkliːə/; Greek: Θεμιστόκλεια Themistokleia; also Aristoclea (/ˌærɪstəˈkliːə/; Ἀριστοκλεία Aristokleia), Theoclea (/ˌθiːəˈkliːə/; Θεοκλεία Theokleia); fl. 6th century BCE) was, a
Hippasus of Metapontum (/ˈhɪpəsəs/; Greek: Ἵππασος ὁ Μεταποντῖνος, Híppasos; c. 530 – c. 450 BC) was a Greek philosopher and early follower of Pythagoras. Little is known about his life or his beliefs
Arignotus (Ancient Greek: Ἀρίγνωτος) was a Pythagorean in the time of Lucian -- that is, the 2nd century CE -- who was renowned for his wisdom, and had the surname of ἱερός ("the holy"). He is describ
Epicharmus of Kos
Epicharmus of Kos or Epicharmus Comicus or Epicharmus Comicus Syracusanus (Greek: Ἐπίχαρμος ὁ Κῷος), thought to have lived between c. 550 and c. 460 BC, was a Greek dramatist and philosopher who is of
Androcydes (Pythagorean)
Androcydes (Ancient Greek: Ἀνδροκύδης) was a Pythagorean whose work On Pythagorean Symbols survives only in scattered fragments. The dating of his life is uncertain; he lived before the 1st century BC
Damon and Pythias
The story of Damon (/ˈdeɪmən/; Greek: Δάμων, gen. Δάμωνος) and Pythias (/ˈpɪθiəs/; ΠυθίαςorΦιντίας; or Phintias, /ˈfɪntiəs/) is a legend in Greek historic writings illustrating the Pythagorean ideal o
Aesara of Lucania (Greek: Αἰσάρα Aisara; 4th or 3rd century BC) was a Pythagorean philosopher who wrote On Human Nature, of which a fragment is preserved by Stobaeus.
Phanto of Phlius
Phanto (or Phanton, Greek: Φάντων; 4th century BC) of Phlius, was a Pythagorean philosopher, and one of the last of the school until the Neopythagorean revival in the Roman era. He was a disciple of P
Ion of Chios
Ion of Chios (/ˈaɪɒn/; Greek: Ἴων ὁ Χῖος; c. 490/480 – c. 420 BC) was a Greek writer, dramatist, lyric poet and philosopher. He was a contemporary of Aeschylus, Euripides and Sophocles. Of his many pl
Zeno of Elea
Zeno of Elea (/ˈziːnoʊ ... ˈɛliə/; Ancient Greek: Ζήνων ὁ Ἐλεᾱ́της; c. 495 – c. 430 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Magna Graecia and a member of the Eleatic School founded by Parmenides.
Eurytus (Pythagorean)
Eurytus (/ˈjʊərɪtəs/; Greek: Εὔρυτος; fl. 400 BC) was an eminent Pythagorean philosopher who Iamblichus in one passage describes as a native of Croton, while in another, he enumerates him among the Ta
Ptolemais of Cyrene
Ptolemais of Cyrene (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῒς ἡ Κυρηναία) was a music theorist, author of Pythagorean Principles of Music (Πυθαγορικὴ τῆς μουσικῆς στοιχείωσις). She lived perhaps in the 3rd century BC
Arignote or Arignota (/ˌærɪɡˈnoʊtiː, ˌærɪɡˈnoʊtə/; Greek: Ἀριγνώτη, Arignṓtē; fl. c. 500 BC) was a Pythagorean philosopher from Croton or Samos. She was known as a student of Pythagoras and Theano and
Theano (philosopher)
Theano of Crotone (/θiˈænoʊ/; Greek: Θεανώ) was a 6th-century BC Pythagorean philosopher. She has been called the wife or student of Pythagoras, although others see her as the wife of Brontinus. Her p
Brontinus of Metapontum (Greek: Βροντῖνος, also Brotinus, Βροτῖνος; fl. 6th century BCE) was a Pythagorean philosopher, and a friend and disciple of Pythagoras himself. Alcmaeon dedicated his works to
Parmenides of Elea (/pɑːrˈmɛnɪdiːz ... ˈɛliə/; Greek: Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης; fl. late sixth or early fifth century BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia. Parmenides was bo
Echecrates of Phlius
Echecrates (Greek: Ἐχεκράτης) was a Pythagorean philosopher from the ancient Greek town of Phlius. He appears in Plato's Phaedo dialogue as an aid to the plot. He meets Phaedo, the dialogue's namesake
Philolaus (/ˌfɪləˈleɪəs/; Ancient Greek: Φιλόλαος, Philólaos; c. 470 – c. 385 BCE) was a Greek Pythagorean and pre-Socratic philosopher. He was born in a Greek colony in Italy and migrated to Greece.
Cercops (Ancient Greek: Κέρκωψ) was one of the oldest Orphic poets. He was called a Pythagorean by Clement of Alexandria, which might have meant a Neopythagorean. Cicero, was said by to have been the