Syllogistic fallacies

Accident (fallacy)

The fallacy of accident (also called destroying the exception or a dicto simpliciter ad dictum secundum quid) is an informal fallacy and a deductively valid but unsound argument occurring in a statistical syllogism (an argument based on a generalization) when an exception to a rule of thumb is ignored. It is one of the thirteen fallacies originally identified by Aristotle in Sophistical Refutations. The fallacy occurs when one attempts to apply a general rule to an irrelevant situation. For example: Cutting people with knives is a crime. → Surgeons cut people with knives. → Surgeons are criminals. This fallacy may occur when limited generalizations ("some; sometimes and somewhere") are mixed with A-type categorical statements ("all; always and everywhere"), often when no quantifiers like "some" or "many" or qualifiers such as "rarely" are used to mark off what is or may be excepted in the generalization. Related inductive fallacies include overwhelming exceptions and hasty generalizations. See faulty generalization. The opposing kind of dicto simpliciter fallacy is the converse accident. (Wikipedia).

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Shopping Cart Truck Mishap

I guess this is what happens when you don't put anything up to keep the shopping carts from falling out of the truck.

From playlist Inertia

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Why most plane crashes occur during takeoff or landing

You are sitting in an airplane, and it is about to take off. The cabin crew has just demonstrated the things you should do in case of an emergency, and you fastened your seat belt. The engine starts, and with the acceleration of the aircraft, you embark on a journey to take to the skies.

From playlist All About Transportation

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DEMO | Dangerous Doppler

Here is a demonstration of the doppler effect.

From playlist All Demonstrations

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Yes. I make mistakes ... rarely.

From playlist Miscellaneous

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Lec 24 | MIT 6.00SC Introduction to Computer Science and Programming, Spring 2011

Lecture 24: Avoiding Statistical Fallacies Instructor: John Guttag View the complete course: License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at More courses at

From playlist MIT 6.00SC Introduction to Computer Science and Programming

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The Cognitive Basis of Superstition and Belief in the Supernatural

What is superstition, and what is the psychological basis behind it? What drives belief in the supernatural, and is there any evolutionary basis for it? Are we merely driven to detect patterns in chaos, or is there something more to it? Let's dig into this now! Children’s belief in an inv

From playlist Psychology

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Fallacies in Proving God Exists | Episode 901 | Closer To Truth

The more I want God to exist, the more I must question proofs of God's existence. "Bad arguments for God" scare me. Maybe all the "God Arguments" are bad? I hope not. Featuring interviews with Peter Atkins, Victor Stenger, Michael Tooley, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Denis Alexander. Sea

From playlist Big Questions About God - Closer To Truth - Core Topic

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Psych 9B. Psychology Fundamentals. Lec. 9:

UCI Psych 9B: Psych Fundamentals (Fall 2015) Lec 09. Psych Fundamentals View the complete course: Instructor: Mark Steyvers, Ph.D. License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA Terms of Use: More cou

From playlist Psych 9B: Psych Fundamentals

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Factors Affecting Probability – How Random is Randomness? (7-4)

Randomness is not as random as you might thing. There really are factors that affect the probability of an event occurring. The first factor that affects the probability of an event is whether events are independent or dependent. A second factor that affects the probability of an event is

From playlist WK7 Sampling, Probability, & Inference - Online Statistics for the Flipped Classroom

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Why do some space launches fail?

Any space aficionado will tell you that sometimes space launches can go horribly wrong. Indeed, we have all watched a launch online only to see it delayed. What happens in these cases and what can be done to prevent such problem? Watch the video to find out more. Find out more infor

From playlist Theory to Reality

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Lee Smolin - Is the Universe Fine-Tuned for Life and Mind?

If the deep laws of the universe had been ever so slightly different human beings wouldn't, and couldn't, exist. All explanations of this exquisite fine-tuning, obvious and not-so-obvious, have problems or complexities. Natural or supernatural, that is the question. Free access to Closer

From playlist Is the Universe Fine-Tuned for Life and Mind? - CTT Interview Series

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Lone Star Ruby Conference 2011 - Misunderstanding by Glenn Vanderburg

As programmers, we're familiar with complex logic and decisions: complex boolean expressions, long if/else cascades, and convoluted cases. But we quickly learn to avoid them as much as possible, finding ways to simplify. That's because even though computers can handle that complex stuff, w

From playlist Lone Star Ruby Conference 2011

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Fatal crash test kids car safety.wmv

Can't be bothered with kids' safety seats in the car? Well if you crash or even brake suddenly, maybe you'll get lucky and be able to catch them as they sail by... you'll have about one tenth of a second. For more clips (in Arabic too) check out

From playlist Inertia

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IMT4306 - Lecture 1: Academic Writing, Critical Thinking

IMT4306 Introduction to research in Mobile/Wearable/Decentralised technology

From playlist 2021 - IMT4306 - Mobile Research

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Decision making | Processing the Environment | MCAT | Khan Academy

Learn about common heuristics, biases, and other factors that affect our decisions. Created by Carole Yue. Watch the next lesson:

From playlist Processing the environment | MCAT | Khan Academy

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AMAZING physics experiments "Strange equilibrium on the tip of a match" (science demonstrations)

Physics (la physique). physics experiment explain the equilibrium of the system of fork-spoon-match and natural pendulum oscillation of the system.(science experiments)

From playlist MECHANICS

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Why You Shouldn't Always Trust Your Gut | The First Instinct Fallacy

You've probably been told at some point or another to "trust your gut", but is that actually good advice? Hosted by: Anthony Brown ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Chec

From playlist SciShow Psych

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The human nature of failure & resiliency

Projects fail in droves. Systems hiccup and hours of downtime follows. Screws fall out all the time; the world is an imperfect place. We talk a lot about building resilient systems, but all systems are (at least for now) built by humans. Humans who have been making the same types of mista

From playlist Talks

Related pages

Converse accident | Quantifier (logic) | Statistical syllogism | Deductive reasoning | Inductive reasoning