# Category: Probabilistic arguments

Probabilistic causation
Probabilistic causation is a concept in a group of philosophical theories that aim to characterize the relationship between cause and effect using the tools of probability theory. The central idea beh
Doomsday argument
The Doomsday argument (DA), or Carter catastrophe, is a probabilistic argument that claims to predict the future population of the human species, based on an estimation of the number of humans born to
Randomized rounding
Within computer science and operations research,many combinatorial optimization problems are computationally intractable to solve exactly (to optimality).Many such problems do admit fast (polynomial t
Probabilistic logic
Probabilistic logic (also probability logic and probabilistic reasoning) involves the use of probability and logic to deal with uncertain situations. Probabilistic logic extends traditional logic trut
Probabilistic argumentation
Probabilistic argumentation refers to different formal frameworks pertaining to probabilistic logic. All share the idea that qualitative aspects can be captured by an underlying logic, while quantitat
Self-Indication Assumption Doomsday argument rebuttal
The Self-Indication Assumption Doomsday argument rebuttal is an objection to the Doomsday argument (that there is only a 5% chance of more than twenty times the historic number of humans ever being bo
Probabilistic logic network
A probabilistic logic network (PLN) is a conceptual, mathematical, and computational approach to uncertain inference; inspired by logic programming, but using probabilities in place of crisp (true/fal
List of probabilistic proofs of non-probabilistic theorems
Probability theory routinely uses results from other fields of mathematics (mostly, analysis). The opposite cases, collected below, are relatively rare; however, probability theory is used systematica
Probabilistic method
The probabilistic method is a nonconstructive method, primarily used in combinatorics and pioneered by Paul Erdős, for proving the existence of a prescribed kind of mathematical object. It works by sh
Method of conditional probabilities
In mathematics and computer science, the probabilistic method is used to prove the existence of mathematical objects with desired combinatorial properties. The proofs are probabilistic — they work by
Dependent random choice
In mathematics, dependent random choice is a probabilistic technique that shows how to find a large set of vertices in a dense graph such that every small subset of vertices has many common neighbors.
Self-referencing doomsday argument rebuttal
The self-referencing doomsday argument rebuttal is an attempt to refute the doomsday argument (that there is a credible link between the brevity of the human race's existence and its expected extincti
Identical particles
In quantum mechanics, identical particles (also called indistinguishable or indiscernible particles) are particles that cannot be distinguished from one another, even in principle. Species of identica