Category: Numerals

Numeral (linguistics)
In linguistics, a numeral (or number word) in the broadest sense is a word or phrase that describes a numerical quantity. Some theories of grammar use the word "numeral" to refer to cardinal numbers t
Suzhou numerals
The Suzhou numerals, also known as Sūzhōu mǎzi (蘇州碼子), is a numeral system used in China before the introduction of Arabic numerals. The Suzhou numerals are also known as huāmǎ (花碼), cǎomǎ (草碼), jīngz
Babylonian cuneiform numerals
Assyro-Chaldean Babylonian cuneiform numerals were written in cuneiform, using a wedge-tipped reed stylus to make a mark on a soft clay tablet which would be exposed in the sun to harden to create a p
Devanagari numerals
The Devanagari numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Devanagari script, the predominant for northern Indian languages. They are used to write decimal numbers, instead of the Western Ar
Text figures
Text figures (also known as non-lining, lowercase, old style, ranging, hanging, medieval, billing, or antique figures or numerals) are numerals designed with varying heights in a fashion that resemble
Yoruba numerals
According to Lounge, the Yoruba language has a rather elaborate vigesimal (base-20) numeral system that involves both addition and subtraction and multiplication. The base of the counting system is og
Sinhala numerals
Sinhala numerals, are the units of the numeral system, originating from the Indian subcontinent, used in Sinhala language in modern-day Sri Lanka.
Tamil numerals
This article is about the number words of the Tamil language, as well as the dedicated symbols for them used in the Tamil script.
Georgian numerals
The Georgian numerals are the system of number names used in Georgian, a language spoken in the country of Georgia. The Georgian numerals from 30 to 99 are constructed using a base-20 system, similar
Ordinal numeral
In linguistics, ordinal numerals or ordinal number words are words representing position or rank in a sequential order; the order may be of size, importance, chronology, and so on (e.g., "third", "ter
Gujarati numerals
Gujarati numerals is the numeral system of the Gujarati script of South Asia, which is a derivative of Devanagari numerals. It is the official numeral system of Gujarat, India. It is also officially r
Ilocano numbers
Ilocano has two number systems: one is native and the other is derived from Spanish. The systems are virtually used interchangeably. Yet, the situation can dictate which system is preferred. Typically
History of ancient numeral systems
Number systems have progressed from the use of fingers and tally marks, perhaps more than 40,000 years ago, to the use of sets of glyphs able to represent any conceivable number efficiently. The earli
Japanese numerals
The Japanese numerals are the number names used in Japanese. In writing, they are the same as the Chinese numerals, and large numbers follow the Chinese style of grouping by 10,000. Two pronunciations
Counting rods
Counting rods (traditional Chinese: 籌; simplified Chinese: 筹; pinyin: chóu; Japanese: 算木; rōmaji: sangi; Korean: sangaji) are small bars, typically 3–14 cm long, that were used by mathematicians for c
Egyptian numerals
The system of ancient Egyptian numerals was used in Ancient Egypt from around 3000 BCE until the early first millennium CE. It was a system of numeration based on multiples of ten, often rounded off t
Cyrillic numerals
Cyrillic numerals are a numeral system derived from the Cyrillic script, developed in the First Bulgarian Empire in the late 10th century. It was used in the First Bulgarian Empire and by South and Ea
Iñupiaq numerals
The following are the vigesimal numerals of Iñupiaq language, excepting higher derivatives in -utaiḷaq, which subtracts one from the value. (See Iñupiaq language#Numerals.) They are transcribed in vig
Macedonian numerals
Macedonian numerals are words that are used in Macedonian for expressing quantity. The Macedonian numerals have three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neutral) and they can have articles.
Hindustani numerals
Like many Indo-Aryan languages, Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) has a decimal numeral system that is contracted to the extent that nearly every number 1–99 is irregular, and needs to be memorized as a separat
Kaktovik numerals
The Kaktovik numerals or Kaktovik Iñupiaq numerals are a base-20 system of numerical digits created by Alaskan Iñupiat. They are visually iconic, with shapes that indicate the number being represented
Mongolian numerals
Mongolian numerals are numerals developed from Tibetan numerals and used in conjunction with the Mongolian and Clear script. They are still used on Mongolian tögrög banknotes. The main sources of refe
Chinese number gestures
Chinese number gestures are a method to signify the natural numbers one through ten using one hand. This method may have been developed to bridge the many varieties of Chinese—for example, the numbers
Vietnamese numerals
Historically Vietnamese has two sets of numbers: one is etymologically native Vietnamese; the other uses Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary. In the modern language the native Vietnamese vocabulary is used for
Quipu (also spelled khipu) are recording devices fashioned from strings historically used by a number of cultures in the region of Andean South America. A quipu usually consisted of cotton or camelid
Hebrew numerals
The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasi-decimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet.The system was adapted from that of the Greek numerals in the late 2nd century BCE.
Chuvash numerals
Chuvash numerals is an ancient numeral system from the Old Turkic script the Chuvash people used. (Modern Chuvash use Hindu-Arabic numerals.) Those numerals originate from finger numeration. They look
Pentadic numerals
Pentadic numerals (Swedish: pentadiska siffror) are a notation for presenting numbers, usually by inscribing in wood or stone. The notation has been used in Scandinavia, usually in conjunction with ru
Armenian numerals
The system of Armenian numerals is a historic numeral system created using the majuscules (uppercase letters) of the Armenian alphabet. There was no notation for zero in the old system, and the numeri
Proto-Indo-European numerals
The numerals and derived numbers of the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) have been reconstructed by modern linguists based on similarities found across all Indo-European languages. The following art
Tibetan numerals
Tibetan numerals is the numeral system of the Tibetan script and a variety of the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. It is used in the Tibetan language and has a base-10 counting system. The Mongolian numer
Goguryeo numerals
The Goguryeo numerals are the numerals of the Goguryeo language. These numerals seem to be similar to the numerals in Old Japanese, suggesting a possible genetic relationship between the two languages
Finnish numerals
Numbers in Finnish are highly systematic, but can be irregular.
Sundanese numerals
Sundanese numerals (Sundanese language: Wilangan) is a number system used by Sundanese people and contains a sequence of 10 digits (᮰ ᮱ ᮲ ᮳ ᮴ ᮵ ᮶ ᮷ ᮸ ᮹) in Sundanese script. The Wilangan writing syste
Distributive numeral
In linguistics, a distributive numeral, or distributive number word, is a word that answers "how many times each?" or "how many at a time?", such as singly or doubly. They are contrasted with multipli
Welsh numerals
The traditional counting system used in the Welsh language is vigesimal, i.e. based on twenties where numbers from 11–14 are "x on ten", 16–19 are "x on fifteen" (though 18 is more usually "two nines"
Chinese numerals
Chinese numerals are words and characters used to denote numbers in Chinese. Today, speakers of Chinese use three written numeral systems: the system of Arabic numerals used worldwide, and two indigen
Indian numbering system
The Indian numbering system is used in all South Asian countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan) to express large numbers. The terms lakh or 1,00,000
Shackle code
A shackle code is a cryptographic system used in radio communications on the battle field by the US military and the Rhodesian Army.It is specialized for the transmission of numerals.Each of the lette
Gurmukhi numerals
Gurmukhi numerals are the numeral system of the Gurmukhi script for the Punjabi language in India. It is one of several Indian numeral systems. In the Shahmukhi alphabet used for Punjabi in Pakistan,
Nominal number
Nominal numbers are numerals used as labels to identify items uniquely. Importantly, the actual values of the numbers which these numerals represent are less relevant, as they do not indicate quantity
-yllion (pronounced /aɪljən/) is a proposal from Donald Knuth for the terminology and symbols of an alternate decimal superbase system. In it, he adapts the familiar English terms for large numbers to
Slovene numerals
The names for numerals in Slovene are formed in a similar way to that found in other Slavic languages. An exception is the formation of numerals from 21 to 99, in which the unit is placed in front of
Javanese numerals
The Javanese language has a decimal numeral system with distinct words for the 'tweens' from 21 to 29, called likuran. The basic numerals 1–10 have independent and combining forms, the latter derived
Illegal number
An illegal number is a number that represents information which is illegal to possess, utter, propagate, or otherwise transmit in some legal jurisdiction. Any piece of digital information is represent
Hindu–Arabic numeral system
The Hindu–Arabic numeral system or Indo-Arabic numeral system (also called the Arabic numeral system or Hindu numeral system) is a positional decimal numeral system, and is the most common system for
Korean numerals
The Korean language has two regularly used sets of numerals: a native Korean system and Sino-Korean system. The native Korean number system is used for general counting, like counting up to 99. It is
Cornish numerals
In the counting system used in the Cornish language, the numerals (number words) below 100 are based on twenties: so numbers from 21–39 are "x on twenty", 41–59 are "x on two twenty", numbers from 61–
Thai numerals
Thai numerals (Thai: เลขไทย, RTGS: lek thai, pronounced [lêːk tʰāj]) are a set of numerals traditionally used in Thailand, although the Arabic numerals are more common due to extensive westernization
Tally marks
Tally marks, also called hash marks, are a unary numeral system (arguably).They are a form of numeral used for counting. They are most useful in counting or tallying ongoing results, such as the score
Numerals in Unicode
A numeral (often called number in Unicode) is a character that denotes a number. The decimal number digits 0–9 are used widely in various writing systems throughout the world, however the graphemes re
Glagolitic numerals
Glagolitic numerals are a numeral system derived from the Glagolitic script, generally agreed to have been created in the 9th century by Saint Cyril. They are similar to Cyrillic numerals, except that
English numerals
English number words include numerals and various words derived from them, as well as a large number of words borrowed from other languages.
Arabic numeral variations
There are various stylistic and typographic variations to the Arabic numeral system.
Āryabhaṭa numeration
Āryabhaṭa numeration is an alphasyllabic numeral system based on Sanskrit phonemes. It was introduced in the early 6th century in India by Āryabhaṭa, in the first chapter titled Gītika Padam of his Ar
Kharoṣṭhī numerals
No description available. is a website created by Mark Rosenfelder a.k.a. Zompist, a conlanger. It features essays on comics, politics, language, and science, as well as a detailed description of Rosenfelder's cons
Burmese numerals
Burmese numerals (Burmese: မြန်မာ ကိန်းဂဏန်းများ, Burmese pronunciation: [mjàɰ̃mà kéiɰ̃ ɡa̰náɰ̃ mjá]) are a set of numerals traditionally used in the Burmese language, although Arabic numerals are als
Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals are the ten numerical digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9. They are the most commonly used symbols to write decimal numbers. They are also used for writing numbers in other systems
Etruscan numerals
Etruscan numerals are the words and phrases for numbers of the Etruscan language, and the digits used to write them.
Rumi Numeral Symbols
Rumi Numeral Symbols is a Unicode block containing numeric characters used in Fez, Morocco, and elsewhere in North Africa and the Iberian peninsula, between the tenth and seventeenth centuries.
Names of large numbers
Two naming scales for large numbers have been used in English and other European languages since the early modern era: the long and short scales. Most English variants use the short scale today, but t
Brahmi numerals
The Brahmi numerals are a numeral system attested from the 3rd century BCE (somewhat later in the case of most of the tens). They are a non positional decimal system. They are the direct graphic ances
No description available.
Greek numerals
Greek numerals, also known as Ionic, Ionian, Milesian, or Alexandrian numerals, are a system of writing numbers using the letters of the Greek alphabet. In modern Greece, they are still used for ordin
Cardinal numeral
In linguistics, and more precisely in traditional grammar, a cardinal numeral (or cardinal number word) is a part of speech used to count. Examples in English are the words one, two, three, and the co
Dravidian numerals
Dravidian numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient India and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Dravidian-speaking regions in South Asia. Numbers in this system are r
Hokkien numerals
The Hokkien language has two regularly used sets of numerals, a colloquial or native Hokkien system and literary system. Literary and colloquial systems are not totally mutually independent; they are
Latin numerals
The Latin numerals are the words used to denote numbers within the Latin language. They are essentially based on their Proto-Indo-European ancestors, and the Latin cardinal numbers are largely sustain
Attic numerals
The Attic numerals are a symbolic number notation used by the ancient Greeks. They were also known as Herodianic numerals because they were first described in a 2nd-century manuscript by Herodian; or
Muisca numerals
Muisca numerals were the numeric notation system used by the Muisca, one of the civilizations of the Americas before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca. Just like the Mayas, the Muisca had a vigesimal
Multiplier (linguistics)
In linguistics, more precisely in traditional grammar, a multiplier is a word that counts how many times its object should be multiplied, such as single or double. They are contrasted with distributiv
Australian Aboriginal enumeration
The Australian Aboriginal counting system was used together with message sticks sent to neighbouring clans to alert them of, or invite them to, corroborees, set-fights, and ball games. Numbers could c
Maya numerals
The Mayan numeral system was the system to represent numbers and calendar dates in the Maya civilization. It was a vigesimal (base-20) positional numeral system. The numerals are made up of three symb
Romanian numbers
The Romanian numbers are the system of number names used in Romanian to express counts, quantities, ranks in ordered sets, fractions, multiplication, and other information related to numbers. In Roman
Balinese numerals
The Balinese language has an elaborate decimal numeral system.
Eastern Arabic numerals
The Eastern Arabic numerals, also called Arabic-Hindu numerals or Indo–Arabic numerals, are the symbols used to represent numerical digits in conjunction with the Arabic alphabet in the countries of t
Khmer numerals
Khmer numerals are the numerals used in the Khmer language. They have been in use since at least the early 7th century, with the earliest known use being on a stele dated to AD 604 found in Prasat Bay
Dzongkha numerals
Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan, has two numeral systems, one vigesimal (base 20), and a modern decimal system. The vigesimal system remains in robust use. Ten is an the -teens are formed wi
Roman numerals
Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers are written with combination
Long and short scales
The long and short scales are two of several naming systems for integer powers of ten which use some of the same terms for different magnitudes. For whole numbers smaller than 1,000,000,000 (109), suc
Abjad numerals
The Abjad numerals, also called Hisab al-Jummal (Arabic: حِسَاب ٱلْجُمَّل, ḥisāb al-jummal), are a decimal alphabetic numeral system/alphanumeric code, in which the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet a
Odia numerals
Odia numerals (Odia: ସଙ୍ଖ୍ୟା), for the purposes of this article, are the numeral system of the Odia script and a variety of the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. They are used to write the Odia language.
Timeline of numerals and arithmetic
A timeline of numerals and arithmetic
Tangut numerals
Tangut numerals are characters used to denote numbers in the Tangut script, which was used for writing the Tangut language under the Western Xia regime (1038–1227) and during the subsequent Yuan dynas
Bengali numerals
Bengali numerals (Bengali: সংখ্যা sôṅkhya, Assamese: সংখ্যা xoiŋkha), are the units of the numeral system, originating from the Indian subcontinent, used in Bengali, Sylheti, Chittagonian, Assamese, B
Malayalam numerals
Malayalam numerals are the numeral system of the Malayalam script used by Malayalam in Kerala. It is one of several Indian numeral systems. This system is archaic and nowadays the Hindu–Arabic numeral