Category: Marginal concepts

Marginal cost of capital schedule
No description available.
Marginal demand
Marginal demand in economics is the change in demand for a product or service in response to a specific change in its price. Normally, as prices for goods or services rise, demand falls, and conversel
Marginal product of labor
In economics, the marginal product of labor (MPL) is the change in output that results from employing an added unit of labor. It is a feature of the production function, and depends on the amounts of
Marginal efficiency of capital
The marginal efficiency of capital (MEC) is that rate of discount which would equate the price of a fixed capital asset with its present discounted value of expected income. The term “marginal efficie
Marginal revenue productivity theory of wages
The marginal revenue productivity theory of wages is a model of wage levels in which they set to match to the marginal revenue product of labor, (the value of the marginal product of labor), which is
Gossen's laws
Gossen's laws, named for Hermann Heinrich Gossen (1810–1858), are three laws of economics: * Gossen's First Law is the "law" of diminishing marginal utility: that marginal utilities are diminishing a
Marginalism is a theory of economics that attempts to explain the discrepancy in the value of goods and services by reference to their secondary, or marginal, utility. It states that the reason why th
Marginal propensity to consume
In economics, the marginal propensity to consume (MPC) is a metric that quantifies induced consumption, the concept that the increase in personal consumer spending (consumption) occurs with an increas
Marginal utility
In economics, utility is the satisfaction or benefit derived by consuming a product. The marginal utility of a good or service describes how much pleasure or satisfaction is gained by consumers as a r
Marginal product
In economics and in particular neoclassical economics, the marginal product or marginal physical productivity of an input (factor of production) is the change in output resulting from employing one mo
Marginal product of capital
In economics, the marginal product of capital (MPK) is the additional production that a firm experiences when it adds an extra unit of capital. It is a feature of the production function, alongside th
Marginal rate of substitution
In economics, the marginal rate of substitution (MRS) is the rate at which a consumer can give up some amount of one good in exchange for another good while maintaining the same level of utility. At e
Marginal use
As defined by the Austrian School of economics the marginal use of a good or service is the specific use to which an agent would put a given increase, or the specific use of the good or service that w
Marginal concepts
In economics, marginal concepts are associated with a specific change in the quantity used of a good or service, as opposed to some notion of the over-all significance of that class of good or service
Marginal profit
In microeconomics, marginal profit is the increment to profit resulting from a unit or infinitesimal increment to the quantity of a product produced. Under the marginal approach to profit maximization
Marginal factor cost
In microeconomics, the marginal factor cost (MFC) is the increment to total costs paid for a factor of production resulting from a one-unit increase in the amount of the factor employed. It is express
Marginal return
Marginal Return is the rate of return for a marginal increase in investment; roughly, this is the additional output resulting from a one-unit increase in the use of a variable input, while other input
Marginal revenue product
No description available.
Marginal revenue
Marginal revenue (or marginal benefit) is a central concept in microeconomics that describes the additional total revenue generated by increasing product sales by 1 unit. To derive the value of margin
Marginal rate of technical substitution
In microeconomic theory, the marginal rate of technical substitution (MRTS)—or technical rate of substitution (TRS)—is the amount by which the quantity of one input has to be reduced when one extra un
Marginal abatement cost
Abatement cost is the cost of reducing environmental negatives such as pollution. Marginal cost is an economic concept that measures the cost of an additional unit. The marginal abatement cost, in gen
Marginal propensity to save
The marginal propensity to save (MPS) is the fraction of an increase in income that is not spent and instead used for saving. It is the slope of the line plotting saving against income. For example, i
Marginal cost
In economics, the marginal cost is the change in the total cost that arises when the quantity produced is incremented, the cost of producing additional quantity. In some contexts, it refers to an incr
Marginal propensity to import
The marginal propensity to import (MPM) is the fractional change in import expenditure that occurs with a change in disposable income (income after taxes and transfers). For example, if a household ea
Gossen's second law
Gossen's Second “Law”, named for Hermann Heinrich Gossen (1810–1858), is the assertion that an economic agent will allocate his or her expenditures such that the ratio of the marginal utility of each
Marginal tax rate
No description available.
Marginal value
A marginal value is 1. * a value that holds true given particular constraints, 2. * the change in a value associated with a specific change in some independent variable, whether it be of that variab
Marginal rate of transformation
No description available.