Category: Lemmas in algebra

Shapiro's lemma
In mathematics, especially in the areas of abstract algebra dealing with group cohomology or relative homological algebra, Shapiro's lemma, also known as the Eckmann–Shapiro lemma, relates extensions
Artin–Rees lemma
In mathematics, the Artin–Rees lemma is a basic result about modules over a Noetherian ring, along with results such as the Hilbert basis theorem. It was proved in the 1950s in independent works by th
Fitting lemma
The Fitting lemma, named after the mathematician Hans Fitting, is a basic statement in abstract algebra. Suppose M is a module over some ring. If M is indecomposable and has finite length, then every
Noether normalization lemma
In mathematics, the Noether normalization lemma is a result of commutative algebra, introduced by Emmy Noether in 1926. It states that for any field k, and any finitely generated commutative k-algebra
Bergman's diamond lemma
In mathematics, specifically the field of abstract algebra, Bergman's Diamond Lemma (after George Bergman) is a method for confirming whether a given set of monomials of an algebra forms a -basis. It
Artin–Tate lemma
In algebra, the Artin–Tate lemma, named after Emil Artin and John Tate, states: Let A be a commutative Noetherian ring and commutative algebras over A. If C is of finite type over A and if C is finite
Abhyankar's lemma
In mathematics, Abhyankar's lemma (named after Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar) allows one to kill tame ramification by taking an extension of a base field. More precisely, Abhyankar's lemma states that if
Hensel's lemma
In mathematics, Hensel's lemma, also known as Hensel's lifting lemma, named after Kurt Hensel, is a result in modular arithmetic, stating that if a univariate polynomial has a simple root modulo a pri
Nakayama's lemma
In mathematics, more specifically abstract algebra and commutative algebra, Nakayama's lemma — also known as the Krull–Azumaya theorem — governs the interaction between the Jacobson radical of a ring
Schwartz–Zippel lemma
In mathematics, the Schwartz–Zippel lemma (also called the DeMillo-Lipton-Schwartz–Zippel lemma) is a tool commonly used in probabilistic polynomial identity testing, i.e. in the problem of determinin
Zariski's lemma
In algebra, Zariski's lemma, proved by Oscar Zariski, states that, if a field K is finitely generated as an associative algebra over another field k, then K is a finite field extension of k (that is,
Gauss's lemma (polynomials)
In algebra, Gauss's lemma, named after Carl Friedrich Gauss, is a statement about polynomials over the integers, or, more generally, over a unique factorization domain (that is, a ring that has a uniq
Bhaskara's lemma
Bhaskara's Lemma is an identity used as a lemma during the chakravala method. It states that: for integers and non-zero integer .
Summation by parts
In mathematics, summation by parts transforms the summation of products of sequences into other summations, often simplifying the computation or (especially) estimation of certain types of sums. It is