Category: Enterprise resource planning terminology

PDX (IPC-257X)
PDX is the Product Data eXchange standard for suppliers. PDX is a multi-part standard, represented by the IPC 2570 series of specifications. PDX files are text files in eXtensible Markup Language (XML
Final assembly schedule
Final Assembly Schedule, often abbreviated as FAS and sometimes referred to as finishing schedule, is a schedule of end items to finish the product for specific customer orders in a make to order (MTO
Materials management
Materials management is a core supply chain function and includes supply chain planning and supply chain execution capabilities. Specifically, materials management is the capability firms use to plan
Order to cash
Order to cash (OTC or O2C) normally refers to one of the top-level (context level) business processes for receiving and processing customer orders and revenue recognition. Other top-level business pro
Master production schedule
A master production schedule (MPS) is a plan for individual commodities to be produced in each time period such as production, staffing, inventory, etc. It is usually linked to manufacturing where the
Order management system
An order management system, or OMS, is a computer software system used in a number of industries for order entry and processing.
Transportation systems management
Transportation systems management is a set of techniques used to increase the capacity of a piece of transportation infrastructure without increasing its physical size. Most often, these techniques ar
Formalized administrative notation
Formalized Administrative Notation (FAN) is a method that enables administrators of various organizations to describe the flow and sequence of operations, identify their responsibilities, define and i
Manufacturing resource planning
Manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) is defined as a method for the effective planning of all resources of a manufacturing company. Ideally, it addresses operational planning in units, financial p
Material requirements planning
Material requirements planning (MRP) is a production planning, scheduling, and inventory control system used to manage manufacturing processes. Most MRP systems are software-based, but it is possible
SAP Graphical User Interface
SAP GUI is the graphical user interface client in SAP ERP's 3-tier architecture of database, application server and client. It is software that runs on a Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh or Unix des
Backflush accounting
Backflush accounting is a subset of management accounting focused on types of "postproduction issuing;" It is a product costing approach, used in a Just-In-Time (JIT) operating environment, in which c
Engineering bill of materials
An engineering bill of materials (EBOM) is a type of bill of materials (BOM) reflecting the product as designed by engineering, referred to as the "as-designed" bill of materials. The EBOM is not rela
Workspace is a term used in various branches of engineering and economic development.
Kanban (Japanese: カンバン and Chinese: 看板, meaning signboard or billboard) is a scheduling system for lean manufacturing (also called just-in-time manufacturing, abbreviated JIT). Taiichi Ohno, an indust
Enterprise resource planning
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is the integrated management of main business processes, often in real time and mediated by software and technology. ERP is usually referred to as a category of busi
Scheduling (production processes)
Scheduling is the process of arranging, controlling and optimizing work and workloads in a production process or manufacturing process. Scheduling is used to allocate plant and machinery resources, pl
CONWIP (CONstant work in process) are pull-oriented production control systems. Such systems can be classified as pull and push systems (Spearman et al. 1990). In a push system, the production order i
Manufacturing bill of materials
A manufacturing bill of materials (MBOM), also referred to as the manufacturing BOM, contains all the parts and assemblies required to build a complete and shippable product. MBOM is a type of bill of