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Casson handle

In 4-dimensional topology, a branch of mathematics, a Casson handle is a 4-dimensional topological 2-handle constructed by an infinite procedure. They are named for Andrew Casson, who introduced them

Fake 4-ball

In mathematics, a fake 4-ball is a compact contractible topological 4-manifold. Michael Freedman proved that every three-dimensional homology sphere bounds a fake 4-ball. His construction involves the

Rokhlin's theorem

In 4-dimensional topology, a branch of mathematics, Rokhlin's theorem states that if a smooth, closed 4-manifold M has a spin structure (or, equivalently, the second Stiefel–Whitney class vanishes), t

Taubes's Gromov invariant

In mathematics, the Gromov invariant of Clifford Taubes counts embedded (possibly disconnected) pseudoholomorphic curves in a symplectic 4-manifold, where the curves are holomorphic with respect to an

Milnor conjecture (topology)

In knot theory, the Milnor conjecture says that the slice genus of the torus knot is It is in a similar vein to the Thom conjecture. It was first proved by gauge theoretic methods by Peter Kronheimer

Thom conjecture

In mathematics, a smooth algebraic curve in the complex projective plane, of degree , has genus given by the genus–degree formula . The Thom conjecture, named after French mathematician René Thom, sta

Intersection form of a 4-manifold

In mathematics, the intersection form of an oriented compact 4-manifold is a special symmetric bilinear form on the 2nd (co)homology group of the 4-manifold. It reflects much of the topology of the 4-

E8 manifold

In mathematics, the E8 manifold is the unique compact, simply connected topological 4-manifold with intersection form the E8 lattice.

Gluck twist

No description available.

Exotic R4

In mathematics, an exotic is a differentiable manifold that is homeomorphic (i.e. shape preserving) but not diffeomorphic (i.e. non smooth) to the Euclidean space The first examples were found in 1982

(−2,3,7) pretzel knot

In geometric topology, a branch of mathematics, the (−2, 3, 7) pretzel knot, sometimes called the Fintushel–Stern knot (after Ron Fintushel and Ronald J. Stern), is an important example of a pretzel k

Gravitational instanton

In mathematical physics and differential geometry, a gravitational instanton is a four-dimensional complete Riemannian manifold satisfying the vacuum Einstein equations. They are so named because they

Donaldson theory

In mathematics, and especially gauge theory, Donaldson theory is the study of the topology of smooth 4-manifolds using moduli spaces of anti-self-dual instantons. It was started by Simon Donaldson (19

Seiberg–Witten invariants

In mathematics, and especially gauge theory, Seiberg–Witten invariants are invariants of compact smooth oriented 4-manifolds introduced by Edward Witten, using the Seiberg–Witten theory studied by Nat

Capped grope

In mathematics, a grope is a construction used in 4-dimensional topology, introduced by and named by "because of its multitudinous fingers". Capped gropes were used by as a substitute for Casson handl

Hitchin–Thorpe inequality

In differential geometry the Hitchin–Thorpe inequality is a relation which restricts the topology of 4-manifolds that carry an Einstein metric.

4-manifold

In mathematics, a 4-manifold is a 4-dimensional topological manifold. A smooth 4-manifold is a 4-manifold with a smooth structure. In dimension four, in marked contrast with lower dimensions, topologi

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